Hydroxyapatite-chitosan biocomposites synthesized in the simulated body fluid and their drug loading studies

Başargan T., Erdol-Aydin N., Nasun-Saygili G.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE, vol.28, no.11, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Hydroxyapatite (HAp) is a bioceramic applied in the biomedical areas, such as matrices for drug release control. Chitosan (CTS), a natural polymer, is another material has been widely investigated for its potential use in the drug delivery systems. In this study, the composites of HAp-CTS are produced in order to investigate their drug loading and release studies. First of all, HAp-CTS composites are produced in the presence of simulated body fluid (SBF). Analysis confirmed the structure of HAp-CTS composites. Secondly, composites are encapsulated with 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU). The weight ratio of CTS is varied to realize its effect on drug loading of 5-Fluorouracil, a cancer drug, for the ratios of 1:1, 1:2 and 1:4 of HAp-CTS. The weight ratio giving the greatest drug load efficiency is selected for the last step of the study. Crosslinking agent, glutaraldehyde, are changed from 0 to 5% on the selected sample, then, drug loading is examined again in various environment owing different pH. Furthermore, drug release studies are conducted. To understand the structure and morphology of the samples, XRD, FTIR, SEM and Uv-Spectrum are applied. It is observed that weight ratio of polymer and crosslinking agent can be manipulated to adjust drug loading. Release kinetics are shown the Fickian diffusion. This new produced material can be applicable for drug delivery.