Interplay of Particle Shape and Surface Roughness to Reach Maximum Flotation Efficiencies Depending on Collector Concentration

Guven O., Çelik M. S.

MINERAL PROCESSING AND EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY REVIEW, vol.37, no.6, pp.412-417, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Particle-particle and bubble-particle-interactions in flotation systems are governed by physico-chemical and hydrodynamic conditions of pulp. Shape factor and roughness of particles significantly affect these interactions, and hence both grade and recovery in flotation. Although many studies have been conducted to understand morphological features of particles, the underlying mechanism of their effect on flotation recovery have not been clearly shown. Towards this aim, acombination of grinding and abrasion processes was applied to mimic grinding in terms of shape and roughness in order to get their corresponding flotation recoveries at different collector levels. For this purpose, glass beads representing smooth spherical particles of -150+106 mu m in size along with ground and abraded glass particles of different shapes and roughness were used to evaluate the flotation efficiency of these particles in the absence and presence of amine collector. The dependence of the shape and roughness on the flotation recoveries at different hydrophobicities as monitored by different amine collector concentrations is demonstrated. Finally, the results are discussed to see if morphology ofparticles can be tuned through grinding to achieve maximum flotation efficiencies.