Grey wolf optimizer for allocation and sizing of distributed renewable generation

ahmadi b., CEYLAN O., ÖZDEMİR A.

54rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference, Bucharest, Romania, 3 - 06 September 2019 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/upec.2019.8893584
  • City: Bucharest
  • Country: Romania
  • Keywords: Smart Grids, distributed energy resources (DERs), nature inspired optimization, voltage magnitude problem, DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS, DISTRIBUTION-SYSTEMS, PLACEMENT
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Increasing penetration of distributed energy resources (DERs) have brought operational and control philosophy changes in Smart Grids (SGs). Renewable energy based technologies are becoming more important due to their economic and environmental impacts. Distributed generations (DGs) in the form of small renewable energy resources such as solar photovoltaics (PVs) and Wind Turbines (WTs) are connected in radial distribution networks near to the loads. This paper presents optimal siting and sizing of distributed renewable energy resource to maintain voltage magnitude profiles. Bus voltage magnitude differences for each hour in a day of a distribution system are formulated as an objective function. Three consecutive days are taken into account representing the three seasons of a year. A new nature inspired algorithm Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO) is used as a solution tool. The proposed formulation is applied to 33 bus and 69 bus radial distribution networks. MATLAB simulations are performed to validate the performance of the approach. Simulation results are discussed and compared with of the several available ones'.