Inkjet-Printed CNT/PEDOT:PSS Temperature Sensor on a Textile Substrate for Wearable Intelligent Systems

Kuzubasoglu B. A., Sayar E., Kurşun Bahadır S.

IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, vol.21, no.12, pp.13090-13097, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/jsen.2021.3070073
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.13090-13097
  • Keywords: Temperature sensors, Sensors, Ink, Substrates, Fabrics, Silver, Temperature measurement, Carbon nanotube, inkjet printing, PEDOT, PSS, temperature sensor, thermistor, wearable technology, CARBON, DISPERSION
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The presented work focused on the development of temperature sensors based on specially formulated carbon nanotube (CNT) and poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene): poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) based inks which are deposited directly onto the adhesive polyamide-based taffeta fabric with low-cost office-type inkjet printer. Stable and uniform dispersions of CNT and PEDOT:PSS with Triton X-100 were formulated to be used as temperature sensitive inkjet inks. Three kinds of temperature sensors were fabricated using sensitive materials including CNT ink, PEDOT:PSS ink, and CNT/PEDOT:PSS composite ink. Developed sensors are connected to the measuring devices via silver yarns and silver adhesive paste. Sensors are covered with translucent polyurethane welding tape for packaging and protection. All the sensors exhibit negative temperature coefficient (NTC) behavior and sensitivity of 0.15 %/degrees C for CNT, 0.41 %/degrees C for PEDOT:PSS, and 0.31 %/degrees C for CNT/PEDOT:PSS for temperatures varying from room temperature to 50 degrees C. CNT/PEDOT:PSS composite ink printed sensor achieved better sensing repeatability and demonstrated higher bending stability with a resistance change of 0.3 % up to 1000 cycles than CNT printed and PEDOT:PSS printed sensors. The softness, lightness, and capability to work on flexible or curved surfaces make the developed CNT/PEDOT:PSS composite ink printed sensor a robust candidate for wearable temperature sensor applications, especially in situations requiring continuous body temperature monitoring while satisfying comfort of the user.