Improving electrochemical performance of tin-based anodes formed via oblique angle deposition method


Polat B. D. , Keleş Ö.

BULLETIN OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.37, no.7, pp.1701-1708, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12034-014-0735-5
  • Journal Name: BULLETIN OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1701-1708
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

An oblique angle electron beam co-deposition technique was used to fabricate nanostructured Sn-based thin films: Sn, Cu Sn and Cu Sn C. The morphological and structural properties of the films were observed via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thin film X-ray diffraction (XIII)) methods. The electrochemical (CV and EIS) and the galvanostatic test results demonstrated that the addition of Cu with or without C affected the electrochemical performance of the thin film positively since Cll and C improved both the mechanical and the electrical properties of the nanostructured Sn thin film electrode. The high cycleability and capacity retention were achieved when the nanostructured Cu Sn C thin film was used as an anode material since C increased the mechanical tolerance of the thin film to the volume expansion due to its grain refiner effect. Cu not only improved the electrical conductivity and the adhesion of the film to substrate but also the mechanical tolerance of the film with its ductile property.