Phthalocyanines formed from several precursors: synthesis, characterization, and comparative fluorescence and quinone quenching

Karaoglu H. R. P., Yenilmez H. Y., Koçak M.

JOURNAL OF COORDINATION CHEMISTRY, vol.71, no.15, pp.2340-2357, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 15
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00958972.2018.1471686
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2340-2357
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


We have synthesized a new phthalonitrile with different substituents in 4- and 5-positions (1). Cyclotetramerization of 1 yielded phthalocyanines with cobalt(II) (2), zinc(II) (3), gallium(III)chloride (4), and indium(III)chloride (5) containing diethylamino-phenoxy and hexylsulfanyl substituents on each benzene unit. Elemental analyses, Fourier transform infrared spectra, H-1-nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, mass spectra, and ultraviolet-visible spectra were used for characterization of the phthalocyanines. The aggregation behavior of the zinc phthalocyanine derivative was studied in different concentrations. Also four chloro and four diethyllaminophenoxy substituted zinc phthalocyanine (6) and octa-diethylaminophenoxy substituted zinc phthalocyanine (7) were synthesized. These phthalocyanines (3, 6, and 7) were compared for electronic absorption spectra, fluorescence quantum yields, fluorescent lifetimes, and fluorescence quenching in the presence of benzoquinone. The fluorescence quantum yield gives the efficiency of the fluorescence process. The fluorescence lifetime is an important parameter for practical applications of fluorescence such as fluorescence resonance energy transfer and fluorescence-lifetime imaging microscopy.