An assessment of wind energy status, incentive mechanisms and market in Turkey


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Gönül Ö., Duman A. C. , Deveci K., Güler Ö.

ENGINEERING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL-JESTECH, vol.24, no.6, pp.1383-1395, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jestch.2021.03.016
  • Journal Name: ENGINEERING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL-JESTECH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1383-1395
  • Keywords: Wind energy, Incentive mechanism, Market, Policy, Feasibility analysis, Turkey, TURBINES, POLICIES, CHINA, FARM
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Turkey attaches great importance to energy diversification to reduce the energy dependence on fossil resources. In this regard, Turkey assigned energy targets by 2023 including 20 GW of installed wind capacity. Yet, despite the good efforts, the current wind installed capacity of 8 GW is far behind the assigned target. This study presents a comprehensive review of wind energy status in Turkey focusing on policies and incentives for improvement of wind energy progress in the country. To that end, the global wind energy market is evaluated and a set of recommendations is presented in the context of the importance of local employment and establishment of local wind energy industry. Then, a feasibility analysis is performed to discuss the current feed-in tariff scheme in Turkey. Lastly, Turkey's competitive position is evaluated over a SWOT analysis to give an overview of all positive and negative determinants, considering internal and external factors. (C) 2021 Karabuk University. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V.