Synthesis of cyclohexanone formaldehyde resin-methylmethacrylate block-graft copolymers via ATRP


Canak T., KIZILCAN N., Serhatlı İ. E.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.123, no.5, pp.2628-2635, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 123 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.34547
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2628-2635
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Well defined block-graft copolymers of cyclohexanone-formaldehyde resin (CFR) and methylmethacrylate (MMA) were prepared via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). In the first step, cyclohexanone formaldehyde resin (CFR) containing hydroxyl groups were modified with 2-bromopropionyl bromide. Resulting multifunctional macroinitiator was used in the ATRP of MMA using copper bromide (CuBr) and N,N,N',N'',N''-pentamethyl-diethylenetriamine (PMDETA) as catalyst system at 90 degrees C. The chemical composition and structure of the copolymers were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and molecular weight measurement. Molecular weight distributions of the CFR graft copolymers were measured by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Mn values up to 19,000 associated with narrow molecular weight distributions (polydispersity index (PDI) < 1.6) were obtained with conversions up to 49%. Coating properties of synthesized graft copolymers such as adhesion and gloss values were measured. They exhibited good adhesion properties on Plexiglas substrate. The thermal behaviors of all polymers were conducted using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). (c) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012