Quality assessment of global gravity field models in coastal zones: A case study using astrogeodetic vertical deflections in Istanbul, Turkey

Albayrak M., Hirt C., Guillaume S., Halicioglu K., Özlüdemir M. T. , Shum C. K.

STUDIA GEOPHYSICA ET GEODAETICA, vol.64, pp.306-329, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11200-019-0591-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Geobase, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.306-329


We present the first high-precision astrogeodetic vertical deflection (VD) observations collected in Istanbul, Turkey, using a novel lightweight total station integrated with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera, the QDaedalus system. The observed VDs are unique in that, they were measured for the first time in Istanbul, and they form Turkey's first dense astrogeodetic network. To establish the Istanbul Astrogeodetic Network (IAN), we selected 30 benchmarks (BMs) with known geodetic coordinates. A total of 21 of these BMs are located in the coastal zone allowing us to investigate the quality of global gravity field models (GGFMs) along the coast of Istanbul. The standard deviations for our VDs are approximately +/- 0.20 '' which is commensurate with the VD accuracy of early studies assessing the QDaedalus observations. In particular, dedicated comparison measurements were conducted in two geographic regions-Munich and Istanbul-to control the accuracy of the VD measurements. Our new VD data set within the IAN was compared with predicted VDs from the Global Gravity Model plus (GGMplus) and the Earth Gravitational Model 2008 (EGM2008). The VD residuals between the QDaedalus observations, and predicted values from GGMplus and EGM2008 models tend to increase towards the coastlines, where discrepancies of several arcseconds were found. At 15 coastal BMs, the residuals in the N-S components exceed 2 '' and reach values as large as 6 '' while residuals in the E-W components exceeded 2 '' at 3 BMs. We interpret these large differences as an indication of the current weaknesses in the GGF Ms, most likely reflecting errors in the altimetry-derived marine gravity measurements, which have been incorporated in the EGM2008 and GGMplus models, or the lack of coastal terrestrial gravity measurements, or both. We conclude that the astrogeodetic VDs observed by the QDaedalus are invaluable for independently assessing the quality of coastal-zone terrestrial gravity data sets and GGFMs.