OCEAN ENGINEERING, vol.203, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI)
Article / Article
Title of Journal :
Ballast tank design, Sediment reduction, Pneumatic cleaning system, Invasive species, WATER MANAGEMENT, SHIPS, RISK, ORGANISMS, PATHOGENS, TRANSPORT, BIOLOGY
Ballast tank sediments host organisms that pose invasion risk even if the ships are installed with ballast treatment systems. The bottom sediments also contribute to corrosion and cause cumulative deadweight loss over the years.