748 K (475 A degrees C) Embrittlement of Duplex Stainless Steel: Effect on Microstructure and Fracture Behavior


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Ornek C., Burke M. G. , Hashimoto T., Engelberg D. L.

METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.48A, no.4, pp.1653-1665, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

22Cr-5Ni duplex stainless steel (DSS) was aged at 748 K (475 A degrees C) and the microstructure development correlated to changes in mechanical properties and fracture behavior. Tensile testing of aged microstructures confirmed the occurrence of 748 K (475 A degrees C) embrittlement, which was accompanied by an increase of strength and hardness and loss of toughness. Aging caused spinodal decomposition of the ferrite phase, consisting of Cr-enriched alpha aEuro(3) and Fe-rich alpha' and the formation of a large number of R-phase precipitates, with sizes between 50 and 400 nm. Fracture surface analyses revealed a gradual change of the fracture mode from ductile to brittle delamination fracture, associated with slip incompatibility between ferrite and austenite. Ferrite became highly brittle after 255 hours of aging, mainly due to the presence of precipitates, while austenite was ductile and accommodated most plastic strain. The fracture mechanism as a function of 748 K (475 A degrees C) embrittlement is discussed in light of microstructure development.