THE APPLICATION OF FUZZY AHP - VIKOR HYBRID METHOD TO INVESTIGATE THE STRATEGY FOR REDUCING AIR POLLUTION FROM DIESEL POWERED VESSELS


Demirel H. , Mollaoglu M., Bucak U., Arslan T., BALIN A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARITIME ENGINEERING, vol.162, pp.289-298, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 162
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3940/rina.ijme.2020.a3.621
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARITIME ENGINEERING
  • Page Numbers: pp.289-298

Abstract

The negative impact of air pollution on human health had become a vital issue as a result of the increasing use of fossil fuels in recent years. In this context. maritime transportation is one of the most contaminant sectors by using much more fossil fuels. Ships which have a major role in maritime transport, directly affect human health via its emissions. especially in marine areas close to the land such as around the ports. canals. and straits. In this study., strategies were gathered by evaluating International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations, European Union (EU) recommendations and the applications of the ship owner companies to reduce air pollution stem from ships, and considering the priority perception of these strategies, the effect level of the strategies at the marine areas where ships are approaching the land was analysed by the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process-Visekriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (AHP-VIKOR) hybrid method. As a result of the study, the most effective strategies appeared as "Forbiddance of Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) usage on Ships" and "Detection of Low Sulphur Fuel Usage by the help of Remote Detector Systems". and it was seen that these strategies would be most effective in canal or strait passing of the ships. It was also revealed that the relevant expert opinions and IMO regulations meshed together. and it was pointed out the applications for increasing fuel quality.