While entering the twenty-first century, the need to adapt to the technological and social developments requires an openness to the reforms in geodesy and related disciplines in developing countries such as Turkey. Geodesy and photogrammetry (Surveying) engineering education in the universities along with problems, geodetic work, job opportunities. and the future of the private and public sector must be taken up and examined. It is obvious that education and training is very important for the development of the countries. A well-trained engineer contributes to his/her country's development. This paper discusses these issues in the context of geodetic education from 1834 up to now and its positive and negative future in Turkey.