Is the naphthalene sulfonate H-acid biodegradable in mixed microbial cultures under aerobic conditions?

Olmez-Hanci T. , Arslan-Alaton I., ORHON D., Karahan Ö. , Çokgör E. , Insel G.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, cilt.102, sa.10, ss.5589-5595, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 102 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.01.086
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.5589-5595


Synthetically prepared wastewater originating from the H-acid (4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalene disulfonic acid) manufacturing process was subjected to respirometric analysis for evaluating the level of achievable biodegradation in the presence of this commercially important azo dye precursor. For this purpose, H-acid was mixed with synthetic substrate having the same characteristics as sewage at a concentration and composition being typical for H-acid manufacturing wastewater. Experimental results indicated that H-acid was not biodegradable under activated sludge treatment conditions even after prolonged acclimation periods. The results were also confirmed by model evaluation of oxygen uptake rate profiles. H-acid also did not inhibit the biodegradation of synthetic sewage but accumulated as soluble inert COD in the treated wastewater. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.