Acoustically generated vorticity in an internal flow

Zhao Q., STAAB P., KASSOY D., Kirkkopru K.

JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol.413, pp.247-285, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 413
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/s0022112000008454
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.247-285
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


A mathematical model is formulated to describe the initiation and evolution of intense unsteady vorticity in a low Mach number (M), weakly viscous internal how sustained by mass addition through the sidewall of a long, narrow cylinder. An O(M) axial acoustic velocity disturbance, generated by a prescribed harmonic transient endwall velocity, interacts with the basically inviscid rotational steady injected flow to generate time-dependent vorticity at the sidewall. The steady radial velocity component convects the vorticity into the flow. The axial velocity associated with the vorticity field varies across the cylinder radius and in particular has an instantaneous oscillatory spatial distribution with a characteristic wavelength O(M) smaller than the radius. Weak viscous effects cause the vorticity to diffuse on the small radial length scale as it is convected from the wall toward the axis. The magnitude of the transient vorticity field is larger by O(M-1) than that in the steady flow.