Prediction of environmental impacts of quarry blasting operation using fuzzy logic


Fişne A. , Kuzu C. , HUDAVERDI T.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, cilt.174, ss.461-470, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 174
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10661-010-1470-z
  • Dergi Adı: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.461-470

Özet

Blast-induced ground vibration is one of the most important environmental impacts of blasting operations because it may cause severe damage to structures and plants in nearby environment. Estimation of ground vibration levels induced by blasting has vital importance for restricting the environmental effects of blasting operations. Several predictor equations have been proposed by various researchers to predict ground vibration prior to blasting, but these are site specific and not generally applicable beyond the specific conditions. In this study, an attempt has been made to predict the peak particle velocity (PPV) with the help of fuzzy logic approach using parameters of distance from blast face to vibration monitoring point and charge weight per delay. The PPV and charge weight per delay were recorded for 33 blast events at various distances and used for the validation of the proposed fuzzy model. The results of the fuzzy model were also compared with the values obtained from classical regression analysis. The root mean square error estimated for fuzzy-based model was 5.31, whereas it was 11.32 for classical regression-based model. Finally, the relationship between the measured and predicted values of PPV showed that the correlation coefficient for fuzzy model (0.96) is higher than that for regression model (0.82).