Characteristics of Ti6Al4V Powders Recycled from Turnings via the HDH Technique

Gokelma M., Celik D., Tazegül O., Çimenoğlu H., Friedrich B.

METALS, vol.8, no.5, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/met8050336
  • Journal Name: METALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Ti6Al4V, HDH, powder metallurgy, powder synthesis, HYDROGENATION-DEHYDROGENATION, TI-6AL-4V ALLOY, TIH2, COATINGS, MIXTURES
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The objective of this research is for Ti6Al4V alloy turnings, generated during the machining of implants, to produce powders for the fabrication of Ti base coating via the cold spray method. In order to decrease the cost of powder production and increase the recycling rate of the turnings, the hydrogenation-dehydrogenation (HDH) process has been utilised. The HDH process consists of the following sequence: surface conditioning of the turnings, hydrogenation, ball milling (for powder production), and dehydrogenation. Afterwards, the properties of the recycled powder were analysed via phase, chemical, and morphological examinations, and size and flowability measurements. Usability of the powder in additive manufacturing applications has been evaluated via examining the characteristics of the deposit produced from this powder by the cold spray method. In short, promising results were obtained regarding the potential of the recycled powders in additive manufacturing after making minor adjustments in the HDH process.