Fast transient fluorescence (FTRF) technique to study swelling of densely and loosely formed gels


Pekcan O., Kaya D. , Erdogan M.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.76, no.10, pp.1494-1502, 2000 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 76 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1494-1502
  • Keywords: fast transient fluorescence (FTRF), swelling, densely and loosely formed gels, RADICAL CROSS-LINKING, LATEX FILM FORMATION, ENERGY-TRANSFER, POLY(METHYL METHACRYLATE), PHASE-TRANSITIONS, POLYMER COLLOIDS, COPOLYMERIZATION, PARTICLES, KINETICS, DIFFUSION

Abstract

A Strobe Master System (SMS) is introduced for studying the swelling of cylindrical densely (DG) and loosely (LG) formed gels. Gels were prepared by free radical copolymerization of methyl (methacrylate) (MMA) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDM). Pyrene (P) was introduced as a fluorescence probe during polymerization, and the lifetimes of P were measured using (SMS) during in situ swelling processes. Chloroform was used as a swelling agent. A model is derived for low quenching efficiencies to measure mean Lifetimes [tau] of P, and it was observed that [tau] values decreased as the swelling proceeded. The Li-Tanaka equation was employed to determined the time constants, tau(c), and cooperative diffusion coefficients, D-c, which were found to be around 400 min and 10(-5) cm(2)s(-1), respectively. No differences were detected in tau(c) and D-c values of DG and LG gels. Quenching rate constants, kappa, and the; mutual diffusion coefficient, D-m, were measured and found to be around 10(5) M(-1)s(-1) for DG and LG gel samples. (C) 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.