Dimming Support for Visible Light Communication in Intelligent Transportation and Traffic System

Ucar S., Turan B., Ergen S. C., Ozkasap O., Ergen M.

IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium (NOMS), İstanbul, Turkey, 25 - 29 April 2016, pp.1193-1196 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/noms.2016.7502986
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.1193-1196
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


The automotive industry is under a major change and new vehicles are being enriched by the recent advances in communication. Not only business plans are changing due to connected and urbanized lifestyle, but also transportation is becoming more intelligent with smart roads that connect smart cars. Technology coined as the vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET) is harmonizing with Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) and Intelligent Traffic System (ITF). However, ITS and ITF systems suffer from the scarcity of radio frequency spectrum. Visible light communication (VLC) that uses modulated optical radiation in the visible light spectrum is an alternative medium being researched. To date, the majority of research on vehicular VLC was aimed at achieving high data rates provided that high lighting quality is achieved without any concern on dimmable LED lights. Auto-dimmable headlights gain attention due to danger caused by sudden glare on drivers at night conditions which makes dimming in VLC necessary. In this paper, we first present the latest concept of vehicular VLC on ITS and ITF systems and address dimming utility. We then demonstrate experimentally that dimming is a key parameter in VLC which affects data dissemination and received power signal strength.