‘Anti-commutable’ local pre-Leibniz algebroids and admissible connections

Dereli T., Doğan K.

Journal of Geometry and Physics, vol.186, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 186
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.geomphys.2023.104752
  • Journal Name: Journal of Geometry and Physics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, INSPEC, MathSciNet, zbMATH
  • Keywords: Pre-Leibniz algebroids, Admissible connections, Bianchi identities, Cartan formalism, Lie algebroids, Generalized geometry
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


The concept of algebroid is convenient as a basis for constructions of geometrical frameworks. For example, metric-affine and generalized geometries can be written on Lie and Courant algebroids, respectively. Furthermore, string theories might make use of many other algebroids such as metric algebroids, higher Courant algebroids, or conformal Courant algebroids. Working on the possibly most general algebroid structure, which generalizes many of the algebroids used in the literature, is fruitful as it creates a chance to study all of them at once. Local pre-Leibniz algebroids are such general ones in which metric-connection geometries are possible to construct. On the other hand, the existence of the ‘locality operator’, which is present for the left-Leibniz rule for the bracket, necessitates the modification of torsion and curvature operators in order to achieve tensorial quantities. In this paper, this modification of torsion and curvature is explained from the point of view that the modification is applied to the bracket instead. This leads one to consider ‘anti-commutable’ local pre-Leibniz algebroids which satisfy an anti-commutativity-like property defined with respect to a choice of an equivalence class of connections. These ‘admissible’ connections are claimed to be the necessary ones while working on a geometry of algebroids. This claim is due to the fact that one can prove many desirable properties and relations if one uses only admissible connections. For instance, for admissible connections, we prove the first and second Bianchi identities, Cartan structure equations, Cartan magic formula, the construction of Levi-Civita connections, the decomposition of connection in terms of torsion and non-metricity. These all are possible because the modified bracket becomes anti-symmetric for an admissible connection so that one can apply the machinery of almost- or pre-Lie algebroids. We investigate various algebroid structures from the literature and show that they admit admissible connections which are metric-compatible in some generalized sense. Moreover, we prove that local pre-Leibniz algebroids that are not anti-commutable cannot be equipped with a torsion-free, and in particular Levi-Civita, connection.