Stabilization and solidification of electric arc furnace dust originating from steel industry by using low grade MgO

Bayraktar A. C., AVŞAR E., Toröz İ., Alp K., HANEDAR A.

ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, vol.41, no.4, pp.62-66, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/aep-2015-0040
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.62-66
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, solidification/stabilization (S/S) of electric arc furnace dust (EAFD) which is generated during the production of steel from scrap metals and classified as hazardous waste were investigated by using different ratios of cement and low grade MgO (LG MgO) as binding agents. Type I PC 42.5 R portland cement and LG MgO which contains 70-80% MgO were used. S/S blocks that contain different ratios of binding agents which have 1/0.5 - 1/1 - 1/2 - 1/3 - 1/4 - 1/5 cement/LG MgO ratio and S/S blocks which contain only cement and no LG MgO agents were prepared. These blocks, which contain 3 different waste ratios according to weight, 20%, 30% and 40% respectively, were produced and exposed to 28-day water purification. At the end of the purification process, S/S blocks were extracted using TCLP (Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure) tests in order to determine the leaching behavior of Zn, Pb, and Cd in S/S blocks. By the end of this study, it was concluded that the recovery of EAFD is possible and applicable by immobilization. The findings of the study concluded that environmental performances or structural properties of blocks contain 30% waste by weight are suitable. This method is a proper one for recovering and treatment of EAFD with mixture of cement and LG MgO.