Investigation of morphology, crystal structure and property of ZnO/poly (methylstyrene-co-chloromethyl styrene) nanocomposite

Karaj-Abad S. G., Acar M. H., Hosseinzadeh M., Abbasian M., Fathi S. Y., Pakzad M.

JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE PART A-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, vol.59, no.5, pp.379-387, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10601325.2022.2048955
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.379-387
  • Keywords: Chloromethyl styrene, graft copolymer, methyl styrene, TEMPO, ZnO nanoparticles, RADICAL GRAFT-POLYMERIZATION, SURFACE MODIFICATION, POLYSTYRENE, PARTICLES
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A nanocomposite composed of ZnO and poly (methyl styrene-co-chloro methyl styrene) P (MSt-co-CMSt) by in situ polymerization method were prepared successfully. For this purpose, firstly, the zinc oxide surface was treated with 3-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl methacrylate (TMSPMA), a silane coupling agent, and following that this functionalization nano-ZnO particle was reacted with PMSt to prepare PMSt-grafted TMSPMA-ZnO. The resulting PMSt-grafted TMSPMA-ZnO was brominated with N-bromosuccinimide and coupled with 1-hydroxy-2, 2, 6, 6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO-OH) to produce an NMRP macroinitiator (PMSt-TEMPO/nano-ZnO). The well-controlled graft polymerization of 4-chloromethyl styrene (CMSt) with macroinitiators were carried out to produce nanoparticles based-ZnO (PMSt-co-PCMSt)/zinc oxide nanocomposite). Properties, crystal structure, and the morphology of (PMSt-co-PCMSt)/zinc oxide nanocomposite was studied using H-1-NMR, FT-IR, XRD, TGA, DSC, TEM, and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The results of FT-IR investigation and observations of TEM images represented clear and strong evidence for the preparation of PMSt and PMSt-co-PCMSt with spherical morphology of ZnO nanoparticles. The synthesized nanocomposites can be utilized a compound to attenuate the UV irradiation in the range of pointed wavelength.