Flow control for an airfoil with leading-edge rotation: An experimental study

Al-Garni A., Al-Garni A., Ahmed S., Sahin A. Z.

JOURNAL OF AIRCRAFT, vol.37, no.4, pp.617-622, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.2514/2.2673
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.617-622
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


An experimental investigation has been conducted on a two-dimensional NACA 0024 airfoil equipped with a leading-edge rotating cylinder, The airfoil was tested for different values of leading-edge rotations and flap deflection angles. The effects of the angle of attack a, the cylinder surface velocity ratio U-c/U, and the flap deflection angle delta on lift and drag coefficients, the size of the separated flow region, and the stall angle of attack are included. The effect of U-c/U on the boundary-layer growth and turbulence intensity are also shown. Experimental results, for example, showed that the leading-edge rotating cylinder increases the lift coefficient of a NACA 0024 airfoil from 0.85 at U-c/U = 0 to 1.63 at U-c/U = 4 and delays the stall angle of attack by about 160%. Smoke-wire flow visualization results were also used to demonstrate the strong effect of the leading-edge rotating cylinder on the size of the recirculation region.