WiFED Mobile: WiFi Friendly Energy Delivery With Mobile Distributed Beamforming

Mohanti S., Bozkaya E., Naderi M. Y., Canberk B., Seçinti G., Chowdhury K. R.

IEEE-ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, vol.29, no.3, pp.1362-1375, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tnet.2021.3061082
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1362-1375
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Wireless RF energy transfer for indoor sensors is an emerging paradigm ensuring continuous operation without battery limitations. However, high power radiation within ISM band interferes with packet reception for existing WiFi devices. The paper proposes the first effort in merging RF energy transfer within a standards compliant 802.11 protocol, realizing practical and WiFi-friendly Energy Delivery with Mobile Transmitters (WiFED Mobile). WiFED Mobile architecture is composed of a centralized controller coordinating the actions of multiple energy transmitters (ETs), and deployed sensors that periodically requires charging. The paper first describes 802.11 supported protocol features that can be exploited by sensors to request energy and for ETs to participate in energy transfer. Second, it devises a controller-driven bipartite matching algorithm, assigning appropriate number of ETs to sensors for efficient energy delivery. Thirdly, it detects outlier sensors (OS), which have limited power reception from static ETs and utilizes mobile ETs (METs) to satisfy their charging cycles. The proposed in-band and protocol supported coexistence in WiFED Mobile is validated via simulations and partly in a software defined radio testbed, showing that METs reduce latency by 42% and improve throughput by 83% in scenarios where using only static ETs fails to satisfy charging cycles of OS.