Blade Number Impact On Pressure And Performance Of Archimedes Screw Turbine Using CFD

Maulana M. I., Syuhada A., Nawawi M.

3rd International Conference on Industrial, Mechanical, Electrical, and Chemical Engineering (ICIMECE), Surakarta, Indonesia, 13 - 14 September 2017, vol.1931 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1931
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.5024096
  • City: Surakarta
  • Country: Indonesia
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Many rivers in Indonesia can be used as source of mini/micro hydro power plant using low head turbine. The most suitable type of turbine used in fluid flow with low head is the Archimedes screw turbine. The Archimedes screw hydro turbine is a relative newcomer to the small-scale hydropower that can work efficiently on heads as low as 10 meter. In this study, the performance of Archimedes water turbines that has different blade numbers that are thoroughly evaluated to obtain proper blade configuration. For this purpose, numerical simulations are used to predict the pressure changes that occur along the turbine. The simulation results show that turbines with an amount of two blades have more sloping pressure distribution so that it has better stability.