Physical and chemical effects of washing and wet cleaning on durable press finished cotton fabrics


Rijavec T., Jevsnik S., Soljacic I., Tomljenovic A., Visic K., Pusic T.

TEXTILE RESEARCH JOURNAL, vol.85, no.6, pp.632-645, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0040517514547212
  • Title of Journal : TEXTILE RESEARCH JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.632-645

Abstract

The influence of wet cleaning, as a promising process compared to washing, on the physical and chemical properties of functional cotton fabrics with high added value is presented. Fabric characterization before and after durable press finishing and after 10 cycles of washing and wet cleaning is made using standard methods - measuring dimensional stability, construction characteristics, crease resistance, tensile properties, swelling properties, appearance with coefficient of friction and geometrical roughness, surface characterization by scanning electron microscopy and electrokinetic potential. It can be seen that wet cleaning, which has been used in practice, together with adequate pretreatment, as a substitute for dry cleaning, can also be successfully implemented as a process to substitute washing, particularly when high-value-added articles are concerned.