Electrical transport, heat capacity, and high-field magnetization study in intermetallic Ni2CeSn compound


Oener Y. , GORUGANTI V., KAMER O. , GUILLOT M., ROSS J. H.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, cilt.103, sa.7, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 103 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1063/1.2837885
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS

Özet

Magnetization, heat capacity, and electrical resistivity measurements were performed on a Ni2CeSn compound (orthorhombic structure) in the temperature range of 2-300 K. This compound is paramagnetic down to 6 K. At higher temperatures above T=150 K, the magnetic susceptibility obeys Curie-Weiss behavior yielding an effective magnetic moment mu(eff)=2.56 mu(B)/f.u., which is very close to that of the free Ce3+ ion (2.54 mu(B)) with a high negative Curie-Weiss temperature, Theta(CW)=-170 K. As the temperature is decreased, the magnetic moment decreases gradually to 0.43 mu(B)/f.u. at 4.2 K. We also infer that, based on the high field (up to 23 T) magnetization and the magnetic susceptibility data, a crystal-field splitting of cerium atoms becomes significant at temperatures below 150 K. We used heat capacity and resistivity measurements to determine the crystal-field splitting of the Ce3+ magnetic sublevels. It is found that the ground magnetic state for the Ce3+ is a doublet of J(z)=+/- 1/2 states, with a first excited quartet of J(z)=+/- 3/2 and J(z)=+/- 5/2 states separated by similar to 107 K. The resistivity exhibits a shallow minimum at about 11 K, which may be due to the development of partial magnetic order based on these crystal-field-split states. (c) 2008 American Institute of Physics.