CMOS Voltage Reference Based on Threshold Voltage Summation

Do Amaral W. A., Siqueira Dias J. A., De Moraes W. B.

8th WSEAS International Conference on Microelectronics, Nanoelectronics, Optoelectronics, İstanbul, Turkey, 30 May - 01 June 2009, pp.94-96 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.94-96
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


The objective of this work is to design a CMOS voltage reference based on threshold voltage summation. An original circuit architecture was used. The circuit uses a threshold voltage extractor, a start-up and an operational amplifier.