The stratigraphic architecture and evolution of the Burdigalian carbonate - siliciclastic sedimentary systems of the Mut Basin, Turkey

Bassant P., Van Buchem F., Strasser A., Gorur N.

SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY, vol.173, pp.187-232, 2005 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 173
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2004.01.017
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.187-232


This study describes the coeval development of the depositional environments in three areas across the Mut Basin (Southern Turkey) throughout the Late Burdigalian (early Miocene). Antecedent topography and rapid high-amplitude sea-level change are the main controlling factors on stratigraphic architecture and sediment type. Stratigraphic evidence is observed for two high-amplitude (100-150 m) sea-level cycles in the Late Burdigalian to Langhian. These cycles are interpreted to be eustatic in nature and driven by the long-term 400-Ka orbital eccentricity-cycle-changing ice volumes in the nascent Antarctic icecap. We propose that the Mut Basin is an exemplary case study area for guiding lithostratigraphic predictions in early Miocene shallow-marine carbonate and mixed environments elsewhere in the world.