Influence of filtration conditions on the performance of nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes in dairy wastewater treatment


Turan M.

DESALINATION, cilt.170, sa.1, ss.83-90, 2004 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 170 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2004
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.desal.2004.02.094
  • Dergi Adı: DESALINATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.83-90

Özet

Filtration performance and fouling of nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes in the treatment of dairy industry wastewater were investigated. Two series of experiments were performed. The first one involved a NF membrane (TFC-S) for treating the chemical-biological treatment plant effluents. The second one used a RO membrane (TFC-HR) for treating the original effluents from the dairy industry. The permeate flux was higher at higher transmembrane pressures and higher feed flowrates. The curves of permeate flux exhibited a slower increase while the feed flowrate decreased and the pressure increased. Membrane fouling resulted in permeate flux decline with increasing the feed COD concentration. Furthermore, the flux decline due to the COD increase was found higher at higher pressures for both NF and RO membranes.