Authorship, Representation and Judgement in The Making of the Architect

Türkkan S.

in: Rethinking the Crit New Pedagogies in Design Education, Patrick Flynn,Maureen O'Connor,Mark Price,Miriam Dunn, Editor, Routledge, London/New York , New York, pp.169-184, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: Routledge, London/New York 
  • City: New York
  • Page Numbers: pp.169-184
  • Editors: Patrick Flynn,Maureen O'Connor,Mark Price,Miriam Dunn, Editor
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Assessment in architecture and creative arts schools has traditionally adopted a ‘one size fits all’ approach by using the ‘crit’, where students pin up their work, make a presentation and receive verbal feedback in front of peers and academic staff. In addition to increasing stress and inhibiting learning, which may impact more depending on gender and ethnicity, the adversarial structure of the ‘crit’ reinforces power imbalances and thereby ultimately contributes to the reproduction of dominant cultural paradigms.

This book critically examines the pedagogical theory underlying this approach, discusses recent critiques of this approach and the reality of the ‘crit’ is examined through analysis of practice. The book explores the challenges for education and describes how changes to feedback in education can shape the future of architecture and the creative arts.

Contributors  Acknowledgements  Introduction  1. Rethinking The Crit Patrick Flynn  2. My Teaching Journey John Barton  3. Art School – A Beautiful Uncertainty Fergus Feehily  4. What are Crits For? Mark Price and Anne Mahon  5. Viva Co-Disegno (Living Co-Design):  Exploring Round-Table Reviews as a Process of Co-Creating Collaborative Designerly Knowledge Rachel Sara  6. Not Knowing Maureen O Connor  7. Recalibrating the Design Jury Johan De Walsche  8. Design Jam: Expanding Thinking through Improvisation Rosie Parnell  9. Collaboration and Community: Critique as a Technique for Students and Teachers in Art College Collette Nolan and Bill O'Flynn  10. Ecology of the Crit Mia Roth-Čerina  11. Transformative Design Teaching: Challenging the Didactic Assumptions of Polytechnic Schools through the Lens of the Professional Role of Architects Caterina Barioglio, Daniele Campobenedetto, and Caterina Quaglio  12. Time for a Reset: Critique as a Technique for Students and Teachers in Art College  Kathryn H. Anthony  13. Yes, No, and Perhaps: An Inclusive Model of the Crit Donal Moloney  14. Changing Tradition in Assessment and Feedback Carmen Tomas  15. A Certain Uncertainty: Letter to a Young Architect Martin Gledhill  16. Authorship, Representation, and Judgement in the Making of the Architect Sevgi Türkkan  17. Breaking The Chains: Beyond the Beaux-Arts Tradition of Architectural Education in the United States Rashida Ng  18. Umpiring from a Distance: Towards Inclusive Architectural Design Studio Crits Lindy Osborne Burton, Hermie Delport, Jolanda Morkel, and Michele Gorman  19. Notes from the Online World Alice Clancy  20. In Conversation With Miriam Dunn and Patrick Flynn  Conclusion  Index