DEACIDIFICATION OF SULFUR OLIVE OIL .1. SINGLE-STAGE LIQUID-LIQUID-EXTRACTION OF MISCELLA WITH ETHYL-ALCOHOL


TURKAY S., CIVELEKOGLU H.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY, vol.68, no.2, pp.83-86, 1991 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1991
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/bf02662322
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY
  • Page Numbers: pp.83-86

Abstract

In this study, a systematic and detailed investigation on liquid-liquid extraction of sulfur olive oil miscella in hexane with aqueous ethanol solutions was performed. Optimal extraction conditions for recovery of free fatty acids (FFA) with a minor loss of neutral oil were determined in bench-scale single-stage extractions. It was concluded that, to ensure deacidification with a low triglycerides loss, it is appropriate to extract the miscella with 30% or more dilute ethanol solutions. It was also noted that under these circumstances the free fatty acid percentage extracted is not affected by increases in contents of FFA and partial glycerides of sulfur olive oil, and the solvent must be saturated with hexane before extraction. Changing the oil:hexane ratio in miscella from 1:2 to 2:1 by weight did not have any significant effect on extraction results.