A uniformitarian approach to reconstructing orogenic belts


Lom N., Şengör A. M. C. , Natalın B.

TECTONICS, SEDIMENTARY BASINS, AND PROVENANCE: A CELEBRATION OF THE CAREER OF WILLIAM R. DICKINSON, cilt.540, ss.13-42, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 540
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1130/2018.2540(02)
  • Dergi Adı: TECTONICS, SEDIMENTARY BASINS, AND PROVENANCE: A CELEBRATION OF THE CAREER OF WILLIAM R. DICKINSON
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.13-42

Özet

Orogenic belts, the main factories of continental crust and the most efficient agents of continental deformation, are commonly extremely complex structures. Every orogenic belt is unique in detail, but they are generally similar to each other, having mainly been products of subduction and continental collision. Because of that common origin, they all share common functional organs, such as magmatic arcs, various back-arc and retro-arc features, and multifarious fore-arc environments, collisional sutures, etc. The modern orogenic belts usually display adequate detail about these organs, enabling us to identify them even when they are deformed or otherwise dislocated. In reconstructing now-disrupted orogenic belts, we are after one or more Ariadne's threads to follow the original structure from one package of rock to another. The most prominent, laterally persistent, and easy-to-follow structures among the major orogenic features are the magmatic arcs. As they are the common expression of their subduction zones, they form linear or arcuate lines along the strike, and they usually move episodically inwards or outwards, being located behind sharply defined magmatic fronts. Present-day dating techniques provide high-resolution dates from magmatic rocks, and the migration of the magmatic front is easily detectable. They form the main Ariadne's thread in orogenic studies. Where they are absent, the most helpful structures possessing lateral persistence are the now-deformed Atlantic-type continental margins and suture zones.