Limits of variations on the structure and the fuel characteristics of sunflower seed shell through torrefaction


Bilgic E., Yaman S. , HAYKIRI-ACMA H., KUCUKBAYRAK S.

FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, vol.144, pp.197-202, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 144
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2016.01.006
  • Title of Journal : FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.197-202

Abstract

Sunflower seed shell (SSS) that is a woody waste biomass was torrefied at 300 degrees C which is the upper limit of torrefaction temperature to monitor the most severe variations on chemistry, morphology, functional groups, and the burning characteristics of biomass. Since, this biomass is rich in holocellulose (hemicellulosics cellulosics) and relatively poor in lignin contents, it offers opportunity to observe the heat -induced variations on a woody biomass. Besides, the effects of torrefaction on SSS were firstly investigated in this paper. Comparison of H/C and O/C ratios before and after torrefaction revealed that the composition of SSS moved from nearly a cellulosic model to a point between lignite and subbituminous coalit was also concluded that the torrefaction should be implemented at around the upper temperature limit to assure effective removal of volatiles and to improve the biomass. However, the residence rime should be optimized to justify the effectiveness of torrefaction and to avoid the loss of carbon. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.