Studying of the critical exponents around the glass transition in bulk polymerization of ethyl methacrylate by using fluorescence techniques


Kaya D. , PEKCAN O.

PHASE TRANSITIONS, vol.77, no.4, pp.359-373, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 77 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01411590410001669075
  • Title of Journal : PHASE TRANSITIONS
  • Page Numbers: pp.359-373

Abstract

The glass transition during bulk polymerization was studied in free-radical crosslinking copolymerization (FCC) of ethyl methacrylate (EMA), using both the steady-state fluorescence (SSE) and the fast transient fluorescence (FTRF) techniques. Pyrene (Py) was used as a fluorescence probe. Changes in the viscosity of the pregel solutions due to gel formation dramatically enhance the fluorescent yield of Py molecules. The reaction time at which the Py intensity and lifetime exhibit a sudden increase corresponds to the reaction time at which the rate of polymerization becomes maximum resulting from the gel effect. This effect is used to study the gelation of EMA, as a function of time, at various crosslinker concentrations and different temperatures. The results were interpreted in the view of percolation theory. The gel fraction, beta and weight average degree of polymerization, gamma exponents beta = 0.37 +/- 0.01, gamma = 1.71 +/- 0.04 and beta = 0.36 +/- 0.002, gamma = 1.687 +/- 0.01 are found in agreement with percolation results for SSE and FTRF measurements, respectively.