Life-cycle assessment and life-cycle cost assessment of lithium-ion batteries for passenger ferry

Güven D., Ozgur Kayalica M.

Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol.115, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 115
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.trd.2022.103586
  • Journal Name: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, EconLit, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Carbon credit, CO2 emission, Life-cycle assessment, Life-cycle cost assessment, Lithium-ion
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier LtdThe main targets of this study are to analyse the environmental impacts of different types of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and to examine their economic analysis using Life Cycle Cost Assessment (LCCA). Regarding both environmental and economic aspects, this study compares five Li-ion batteries and three marine diesel oils with different sulphur content. Since the Bosporus Strait has one of the busiest inland passenger sea transportations in the world, a ferry serving in Istanbul, Turkey is selected as a case study to investigate the environmental and economic potential of battery power options. The environmental performance of selected power options is investigated under six categories: Global warming potential (GWP), NOx and SOx emissions, particulate matter (PM) emissions, and energy and water consumption. LCA results show that among lithium-ion batteries, Lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery comes to the forefront in terms of environmental impact.