Polybenzoxazines are addition-cure thermosetting polymers exhibiting versatility in a wide range of applications due to their good mechanical properties, dimensional stability, chemical resistivity, flame resistance property phenolic or epoxy resins have myriad applications in diverse fields starting from commodity materials to high technology aerospace industries. In this paper, we present synthetic strategies to incorporate thermally curable benzoxazine functionality into polymers as main-chain fashion in order to further improve various properties. The strategies successfully employed including monomer synthesis and polycondensation routes like Mannich reaction, click chemistry, hydrosilylations, and coupling reactions. The structure-property relationships of the cured materials have also been presented and discussed. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.