Fabrication of cellulose acetate/sodium dodecyl sulfate nanofiltration membrane: Characterization and performance in rejection of pesticides


Ghaemi N., Madaeni S. S. , Alizadeh A., Daraei P., Vatanpour Sargheın V., Falsafi M.

DESALINATION, vol.290, pp.99-106, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 290
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.desal.2012.01.013
  • Journal Name: DESALINATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.99-106
  • Keywords: Nanofiltration, Cellulose acetate membrane, Surfactant, SDS, Pesticide, COMBINED HUMIC SUBSTANCE, MOLECULAR-SIZE, SALINE CONDITIONS, SURFACTANTS, COAGULATION, FILTRATION, MORPHOLOGY, ADSORPTION, RETENTION
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The effect of addition of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) anionic surfactant on the characteristics and performance (i.e. flux and rejection) of cellulose acetate (CA) nanofiltration membrane was investigated at this study. Nitrophenols (p-nitrophenol (PNP) and 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid (DNSA)) were selected as the subject-matter of this study since they are listed as two of the harmful pesticides in drinking water by US Environmental Protection Agency. The prepared membranes were characterized by several techniques including SEM, AFM, FTIR-ATR, water contact angle, and zeta potential measurements. The process of addition of SDS resulted in membranes with higher pure water flux, superior rejection, and flux in comparison to CA membrane. Also, it was found that the rejection of PNP and DNSA depend on a series of factors including the solution pH, structural properties of the solutes, and characteristics of the membranes. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.