A neural networks approach to predict call center calls of an internet service provider

Namli O. H., Yanık Özbay S., Nouri F., Şengör N. S., Koyuncu Y. M., Ucar O. B.

JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT & FUZZY SYSTEMS, vol.42, no.1, pp.503-515, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3233/jifs-219207
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.503-515
  • Keywords: Call center problem prediction, classification, clustering, artificial neural networks, bagging, CHURN PREDICTION, MANAGEMENT
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In today's competitive business environment, companies are striving to reduce costs and workload of call centers while improving customer satisfaction. In this study, a framework is presented that predicts and encourages taking proactive actions to solve customer problems before they lead to a call to the call center. Machine learning techniques are implemented and models are trained with a dataset which is collected from an internet service provider's systems in order to detect internet connection problems of the customers proactively. Firstly, two classification techniques which are multi perceptron neural networks and radial basis neural networks are applied as supervised techniques to classify whether the internet connection of customers is problematic or not. Then, by using unsupervised techniques, namely Kohonnen's neural networks and Adaptive Resonance Theory neural networks, the same data set is clustered and the clusters are used for the customer problem prediction. The methods are then integrated with an ensemble technique bagging. Each method is implemented with bagging in order to obtain improvement on the estimation error and variation of the accuracy. Finally, the results of the methods applied for classification and clustering with and without bagging are evaluated with performance measures such as recall, accuracy and Davies-Bouldin index, respectively.