Synchrotron high-energy XRD measurements and ab-initio DFT calculations were employed to investigate microstructural degradation of copper upon exposure to sulfide-containing anoxic groundwater simulating nuclear waste repository. After two-month exposure, the high-energy XRD measurements revealed heterogeneous lattice deformation in the microstructure and lattice expansion in near-surface regions. The DFT calculations show that sulfur promotes hydrogen adsorption on copper. Water causes surface reconstruction and promotes hydrogen insertion into the microstructure, occurring via interstitial sites next to vacancies leading to lattice dilation and metal bond weakening. Hydrogen infusion in the presence of sulfur caused lattice degradation, indicating a risk for H-induced cracking.