The investigations of influence of BDTDACl and DTABr surfactants on rheologic, electrokinetic and XRD properties of Na-activated bentonite dispersions


Gunister E., Gungor N., Ece O.

MATERIALS LETTERS, cilt.60, sa.5, ss.666-673, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 60 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.matlet.2005.09.055
  • Dergi Adı: MATERIALS LETTERS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.666-673

Özet

The influence of cationic surfactants benzyldimethyltetradecyl ammonium chloride (BDTDACl) and dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTABr) on flow behaviors and electrokinetic properties of soda activated bentonite suspensions (3 wt.%) were studied. Surfactants were added to the bentonite water system in different concentrations in the range of 10(-5) - 10(-2) mole/L. The interactions between clay minerals and surfactants in water-based Na-activated bentonite dispersions (3 wt.%) were examined in detail using rheologic parameters, such as viscosity, yield point, apparent and plastic viscosity, hysteresis area, and electrokinetic parameters of mobility and zeta potentials, and XRD analyses also helped to determine swelling properties of d-spacings. Besides, the influence of pH and particle size distributions was also evaluated. XRD studies revealed that d-spacings expanded about 1.98 and 3.49 angstrom after the interactions of bentonite + DTABr and bentonite + BDTDACI complex, respectively. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.