Spatial Memory: A Childhood House: A Proposed Model Of The Memory And Architecture Relationship

Öymen Özak N., Pulat Gökmen G.

”World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering Architecture-Urban Planning Symposium” WMCAUS, Praha, Czech Republic, 17 - 21 June 2019, vol.603, pp.22026 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 603
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1757-899x/603/2/022026
  • City: Praha
  • Country: Czech Republic
  • Page Numbers: pp.22026
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper has been shaped and developed on the proposition that a relationship exists between memory and architecture. The mechanics of memory have been studied for many years by various disciplines and its connection with architecture, either individual or collective, forms the spatial memory in architecture. In the formation of this spatial memory, the interaction with one's environment and the memory of this interaction stored in one's brain makes the ability to remember and recall the important. Consciously, what significance do people attribute to remembered spaces? How do they value them, in their own words? How do the remembered spaces interact with them? Can spatial memory emerge and bring new values to architecture? This study aims to investigate the importance of the formation of spatial memory in an individual's dynamic relationship with any particular space. A "Childhood House" has been selected as the space for the study. There are many scholarly books that address the space of the house where it has been a particular focus from a memory point such that it collects an individual's past relationship with the space. The recollection of the childhood house by an individual relates the spatial relationship one has with memories of the past. Spatial memory, which has been formed on concepts of memory, perception and this house, is analysed in a proposed model aimed at explaining what spatial elements might be the inputs in forming spatial memory. Individual features, the social environment of the era and physical characteristics of the space are selected as the main features to form the spatial memory of a childhood house. The model also puts forward several sub-features which enhance the recall moment of an individual when interacting with a space. Main and sub-feature inputs of the model form multi-layered spatial memory outputs which show the brain's ability to code, store and recall. Twenty individuals were chosen to contribute to the study, using their recall of childhood house memories to respond to pre-set memory/space related questions. Each individual's spatial recall verified that the proposed memory/space relationship model showed clear evidence that the spatial memory is formed under the influence of these three important characteristics: Individual, social/cultural and physical interaction act in concert to constitute a spatial memory.