Daylight Saving Time policy and energy consumption

Kufeoglu S., Ucler S., Eskicioglu F., Ozturk E. B., Chen H.

ENERGY REPORTS, vol.7, pp.5013-5025, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.egyr.2021.08.025
  • Journal Name: ENERGY REPORTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.5013-5025
  • Keywords: Daylight Saving Time, Energy saving, Load shift, Electricity consumption, Summer time zone, Winter time zone, ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, IMPACT, DETERMINANTS, BUILDINGS, OCCUPANTS, CLOCK, UK
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Daylight Saving Time is argued to be effective in saving energy. Turkey is one of the few countries that annulled the clock changes and remained in the summertime zone in 2016. Therefore, the country provides a unique natural experiment to test and confirm this policy change. This paper studies the impact of clock changes on electric energy consumption and load shift. We use historical electrical energy consumption, electricity prices, and relevant atmospheric essential climate variables data in Turkey between 2012-2020. We adopt Multiple Linear Regression, Difference in Differences and Interrupted Time Series methodologies to analyse the historical data. This paper shows that the Daylight Saving Time policy does not lead to a measurable amount of electrical energy savings. Furthermore, it does not cause a noticeable continuous daily load shift throughout the year. We also claim that our findings should apply to countries such as the United States, India, Japan, Australia or China, and continents of Africa and South America, whose latitudes are between 42.0 degrees north and south of the equator. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.