Thermal decomposition of potassium tetraborate tetrahydrate to anhydrous potassium tetraborate in a fluidized bed


Sahin Ö. , Cennetkusu E., Dolas H., Ozdemir M.

THERMOCHIMICA ACTA, vol.440, no.1, pp.7-12, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 440 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tca.2005.10.001
  • Title of Journal : THERMOCHIMICA ACTA
  • Page Numbers: pp.7-12
  • Keywords: potassium tetraborate, dehydration, decomposition, fluidized bed, stage-wise calcination, SODIUM PERBORATE TETRAHYDRATE, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, DEHYDRATION KINETICS, BORAX, BEHAVIOR

Abstract

Production of anhydrous potassium tetraborate from potassium tetraborate tetrahydrate (PTT) was investigated in a controlled fluidized bed calcinatory (FBC). Single step calcination gives a puffed product with very low bulk density and the calcination of potassium tetraborate tetrahydrate is incomplete since agglomeration starts at temperature higher than 250 degrees C. Effect of the temperature on the bulk density of the product obtained at the end of single step is given and compared with theoretical calculation. In order to obtain anhydrous potassium tetraborate, dehydration should be carried out at least two stages. The most important step dominating the final bulk density is the first step. Dehydration of potassium tetraborate tetrahydrate up to 85% K2B4O7 content and temperature lower than 150 degrees C in the first step gives commercial available product at final stage. As a result, both puffed and denser anhydrous potassium tetraborate of 99.5% purity with bulk density around 0.4 and 0.7 g cm(-3) has been produced by two and three stage calcinations. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.