Bedrock structure in Adapazari, Turkey - a possible cause of severe damage by the 1999 Kociaeli earthquake


Komazawa M., MORIKAWA H., NAKAMURA K., AKAMATSU J., NISHIMURA K., SAWADA S., ...Daha Fazla

SOIL DYNAMICS AND EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, cilt.22, ss.829-836, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 22
  • Basım Tarihi: 2002
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/s0267-7261(02)00105-7
  • Dergi Adı: SOIL DYNAMICS AND EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.829-836

Özet

The 1999 Kocaeli earthquake brought serious damage to downtown of Adapazari. To study why strong motions were generated at the town, a bedrock structure was investigated on the basis of Bouguer gravity anomaly, and SPAC and H/V analyses of microseisms. It was revealed that, the basin consists of three narrow depressions of bedrock with very steep edges, extending in E-W or NE-SW directions along the North Anatolia faults, and the depth to bedrock reaches 1000 in or more. Downtown of Adapazari is located 1-2 km apart from the basin-edge. It is considered that, the specific configuration of bedrock amplifies ground motions at the downtown area by focusing of seismic waves and/or interference between incident S-waves and surface-waves secondarily generated at the basin-edge. Studying 3D bedrock structure is an urgent issue for microzoning an urban area in a sedimentary basin. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.