Mixture of two unequally charged superfluids in a magnetic field


Aksu S. S. , Subaşı A. L. , Ghazanfari N.

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, vol.99, no.6, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 99 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1103/physreva.99.063628
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Abstract

The artificial magnetic fields engineered for ultracold gases depend on the internal structure of the neutral atoms. Therefore the components of a mixture composed of two atomic gases can exhibit a different response to an artificial magnetic field. Such a mixture can be interpreted as a mixture of two atomic gases, carrying different synthetic charges. We consider such mixtures of two superfluids with unequal synthetic charges in a ring trap subject to a uniform artificial magnetic field. The charge imbalance in such a mixture changes the distribution of excited particles over angular momentum states compared to that of an equally charged mixture. This microscopic difference exhibits macroscopic consequences, such as the occurrence of an angular momentum transfer between two unequally charged components. Due to the interfluid atomic interactions in a ring, the angular momentum transfer can create a counterflowing persistent current in the weakly charged superfluid. Even in the limiting case of a charged and an uncharged superfluid mixture, a persistent current can be induced in the uncharged superfluid, despite the fact that it is not directly coupled to the magnetic field. The stability analysis shows that the induction depends on the interplay between the interfluid interaction and the applied magnetic field. We obtain instability boundaries of the system and construct phase diagrams as a function of the interfluid interaction and the magnetic field. We investigate these properties employing the Bogoliubov approximation.