District heating and electricity production based on biogas produced from municipal WWTPs in Turkey: A comprehensive case study

Abuşoğlu A., Tozlu A., Anvari-Moghaddam A.

ENERGY, vol.223, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 223
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.energy.2021.119904
  • Journal Name: ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: District heating, Wastewater treatment plant, Sewage sludge, Biogas, Thermoeconomic analysis
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, district heating (DH) potentials of the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) based on their biogas, electricity, and heat productions are considered. Two district heating scenarios are developed: (i) DH Scenario I which is based on both excess biogas storage of the WWTP and exhaust gas of the cogeneration with the actual power output, (ii) DH Scenario II which is based on the exhaust gas of the cogeneration with the increased power output using all the biogas produced. In DH Scenario I, it is found that 458 dwellings can be heated via the DH system proposed considering only the waste heat of the cogeneration. In addition, the natural gas consumption of 1112 dwellings with the same annual heating load can also be met using the purified biogas. In DH Scenario II, the electricity production could be increased to 1643 kWh by burning all the biogas produced in the cogeneration plant. In this scenario, the annual heating load of 755 dwellings in Gaziantep province can be covered using the waste heat in the DH system. The payback period for the DH Scenario I is calculated as 2.5 years, while for the DH Scenario II, it is obtained as 2 years.