The effects of plasma treatment on electrochemical activity of Co-B-P catalyst for hydrogen production by hydrolysis of NaBH4

Sahin Ö., Karakas D. E., Kaya M., Saka C.

JOURNAL OF THE ENERGY INSTITUTE, vol.90, no.3, pp.466-475, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 90 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.joei.2016.03.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.466-475
  • Keywords: Plasma, Sodium borohydride, Cobalt-phosphorus-boron catalyst, Hydrolysis, Hydrogen generation, SODIUM-BOROHYDRIDE SOLUTION, BORIDE CATALYST, GENERATION
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


In this paper, the hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of NaBH4 with plasma treated Co-B-P catalyst are investigated as based on NaBH4 concentration, NaOH concentration, temperature, plasma applying time and plasma gases. The changes in surface chemistry and morphology induced by the plasma treatment are examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N-2 adsorption-desorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The hydrogen generation rate from hydrolysis of NaBH4 with Co-B-P prepared in the presence of plasma is completed in 12 min time intervals that exhibited a higher hydrogen generation rate of 60%, while the Co-B-P produced in known method let to slower hydrogen release, and the hydrolysis is completed in 30 min time intervals. The maximum hydrogen generation rates of the plasma treated and plasma untreated Co-B-P catalysts toward NaBH4 hydrolysis are 3976 and 1807 mL/g/min, respectively. The activation energy for zero-order is found to be 49.11 kJ mol(-1). (C) 2016 Energy Institute. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.