Upgrading schemes for boron minerals through calcination

Celik M., Batar T., Akin Y., Arslan F.

MINERALS & METALLURGICAL PROCESSING, vol.15, no.1, pp.53-56, 1998 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/bf03402788
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.53-56
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Despite its importance in various diverse industries, research on beneficiation strategies of boron minerals has not received enough attention. Boron minerals are primarily upgraded by wet processing methods. However, severe environmental constrains have accelerated the development of dry processing techniques such as calcination. Interestingly, the boron minerals colemanite, ulexite and borax undergo decrepitation, shrinkage and expansion, respectively, upon heat treatment. Each mineral then requires a different beneficiation scheme. In this study, laboratory and pilot-plant studies conducted in our laboratories on the calcination of bet-on minerals ale briefly reviewed and their implications to commercial operations are discussed.