Restoration of the historical masonry structures based on laboratory experiments

Bozkurt T. S., Sayin B., Akcay C., Yildizlar B., Karacay N.

JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING, vol.7, pp.343-360, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jobe.2016.07.010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.343-360
  • Keywords: Historical structure, Restoration applications, Restitution, Lab test, Building survey
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


In historical structures, restoration applications have become necessary because their life cycle of structural and non-structural members is completed due to natural result of material structure, environmental conditions and user errors. In this study conducted in this respect, conventional and modern techniques which is conserve the historical building's identity were adopted by referring to opinions of expert consultants and academicians within architecture and civil engineering fields. The first stage of the study contains; i. Specify of material characteristics, ii. Determination of mixture ratios using physical and chemical tests conducted on samples taken from the building, iii. Preparation of original material mixtures using the obtained data. In the second stage, architectural implementations were determined based on lab test results. Within the scope of architectural implementations, featureless additions that do not comply with the original materials of the building, floor/ceiling tiling and wall plasters were removed; masonry members on facades and floors were completed, repaired and cleaned; doors and windows were renovated; stairs and safety rails were returned to their original condition. Finally, a survey was carried out to determine whether the restoration was effective and to evaluate the building's relationship with urban environment, its aura and universal originality as well as its originality of material, form and function. It is concluded that the developed historical building restoration process is suitable as a practical tool in the historical building restoration studies for the prediction of accurate restoration applications. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.